A Palimpsest of Time and Place
Thomas Cole
Painter, Poet, Prophet

Earth Elegies III


“To walk with nature as a poet
is the necessary condition of a perfect artist.


Kaaterskill Falls, 1826




Baigell, Matthew. Thomas Cole. New York: Watson-Guptill Publications, 1981.

Bedell, Rebecca. The Anatomy of Nature: Geology and American Landscape Painting, 1825-1875. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2001.

Boine, Albert. The Magisterial Gaze: Manifest Destiny and American Painting, c. 1830-1865. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1991.

Bryant, William Cullen. Thanatopsis, Illustrations by Pauline French, Homer H. Boelter, 1947.

Carmer, Carl. The Hudson. Farrar & Rinehart, 1939: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1962. Fordam University Press, 1989.

Cole, Thomas. Tymn, Marshall., ed. The Collected Essays and Prose Sketches. St. Paul, Minnesota: The John Colet Press, 1980.

The Crayon: A Journal Devoted to the Graphic Arts and the Literature Related to Them. 8 vols. New York, 1855-61.

Flexner, James. History of American Painting: That Wilder Image, the Native School from Thomas Cole to Winslow Homer. Boston: Little, Brown, 1962; New York: Dover Publications, 1970, 1988.

Foshay, Ella M. and Novak, Barbara. Intimate Friends: Thomas Cole, Asher B. Durand, and William Cullen Bryant. New York: The New York Historical Society, 2000; North Country Books, 2001.

Gussow, Alan. A Sense Of Place: The Artist And The American Land. Friends Of The Earth, 1972; Island Press, 1997.

Howat, John K. The Hudson River And Its Painters. New York: The Viking Press, 1972.

Howat, John K., ed. American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987.

Hudson River School: Masterworks From The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum Of Art. Catalogue by Elizabeth Mankin Kornhauser and Amy Ellis, with Maureen Miesmer. New Haven: Yale University Press in association with The Wadsworth Atheneum Museum, Hartford, 2003.

Kelly, Franklin. Frederic Edwin Church and the National Landscape. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1988.

Lewis, Tom. The Hudson: A History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Lubin, David M. Picturing a Nation: Art and Social Change in Nineteenth-Century America. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1994.

Miller, Angela. Empire of the Eye: Landscape Representation and American Cultural Politics, 1825-1875. Ithaca, NY.: Cornell University Press, 1993.

Mountain Top Historical Society. Kaaterskill: From The Catskill Mountain House To The Hudson River School. Black Dome Press, 1993.

Myers, Kenneth. The Catskills: Painters, Writers, and Tourists in the Mountains, 1820-1895. Yonkers, New York: Hudson River Museum of Westchester, 1987, 1988. Distributed by University Press of New England, Hanover.

Myers, Kenneth. On the Cultural Construction of Landscape Experience: Contact to 1830. From American Iconology, ed. Miller, David C. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

Noble, Louis Legrand. The Life and Works of Thomas Cole. ed. Vesell, Elliot S. Hensonville, New York: Black Dome Press, 1997 (reprint).

Novak, Barbara. Nature and Culture: American Landscape and Painting 1825-1875. Oxford University Press, Third Edition, 2007.

Parry, Ellwood C., III. The Art of Thomas Cole: Ambition and Imagination. Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Press, 1988.

Powell, Earl. Thomas Cole. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1990, 2000.

Robinson, Christine T. Thomas Cole: Drawn to Nature. With essays by John Stilgoe, Ellwood C. Parry III, and Francis F. Dunwell. Albany, New York: Albany Institute of History and Art, 1993.

Schuyler, David. Sanctified Landscape - Writers, Artists, and the Hudson River Valley, 1820-1909. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 2012

Schuyler, David. The New Urban Landscape: The Redefinition of City Form in Nineteenth-Century America. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, 1988.

Sweeney, J. Gray. Endued with Rare Genius: Frederic Edwin Church’s To the Memory of Cole. American Art, Winter 1988. Vol. 2, No. 1.

The Correspondence Of Thomas Cole and Daniel Wadsworth: Letters in the Watkinson Library, Trinity College, Hartford and New York State Library, Albany N.Y. ed. McNulty, J. Bard. Hartford, Connecticut: Connecticut Historical Society, 1983.

The Chief American Poets. ed. Page, Curtis Hidden. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1905.

Thomas Cole’s Poetry: The Collected Poems Of America’s Foremost Painter of the Hudson River School Reflecting His Feelings for Nature and the Romantic Spirit of the Nineteenth Century. Compiled and ed. Tymn, Marshall B. York, Pennsylvania: Liberty Cap Books, 1972.

Truettner, William H., ed. and Wallach, Alan., ed. Thomas Cole: Landscape into History. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press; Washington, D.C.: National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, 1994.

Wallach, Alan. Thomas Cole and the Aristocracy. From Reading American Art. ed. Doezema, Marianne and Milroy, Elizabeth. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1998, pp. 79-108.

Thomas Cole's Writings

On American Scenery

The Lament of the Forest

The Wild

The Storm


Writings of his Contemporaries

William Cullen Bryant

Washington Irving


Related Links


Thomas Cole's 1827 Sketchbook
A Look Inside



Multimedia Installation



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